Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948 as a common standard of achievement for all.
The UN and its agencies are central in upholding and implementing the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The UN contributes to raising consciousness of the concept of human rights through its covenants and its attention to specific abuses through its General Assembly, Security Council resolutions, or International Court of Justice rulings.
“...recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world”
— Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
UDHR was the first international legal effort to limit the behavior of states and press upon them duties to their citizens. Today there are 192 member states of the UN, all of whom have signed on in agreement with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
UDHR forms the basis for a world built on freedom, justice and peace. It provides a common understanding of what everyone’s rights are. These rights are there for your protection against people who might want to harm or hurt you. They are also there to help us get along with each other and live in peace.
When human rights are not well known and respected by people, abuses such as discrimination, intolerance, injustice, violence, oppression and terrorism can arise. The conflict, genocide and war can occur.
In small places, close to home - so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world.
Yet they are the world of the individual person; the neighborhood he lives in; the school or college he attends; the factory, farm, or office where he works.
Such are the places where every man, woman, and child seeks equal justice, equal opportunity, equal dignity without discrimination.
Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere.
Without concerted citizen action to uphold them close to home, we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world."