Blue Flower

 

 
United Nations Resolutions

 

The United NationsThe pursuit of human rights was a central reason for creating the United Nations. World War II atrocities and genocide led to a ready consensus that the new organization must work to prevent any similar tragedies in the future.

The UN Charter obliges all member nations to promote "universal respect for, and observance of, human rights" and to take "joint and separate action" to that end.

Since establishment in 1945, UN has passed several thousand resolutions and made great effect to protect human rights, hold justice, counter terrorism, stop conflict, prevent war, keep world peace and promote social and economic development.

A United Nations resolution is a formal text adopted by a United Nations body. In practice, most resolutions are issued by the Security Council or the General Assembly.

 

Notable Security Council resolutions:

UN Resolution 38:     India, Pakistan and Kashmir conflict

UN Resolution 46:     Establing the Truce Commission for Palestine 

UN Resolution 83:     Calling for the cessation of activities in Korea

UN Resolution 582:   Condemns continued military action in the Iran–Iraq War

UN Resolution 660:   Condemns the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait

UN Resolution 1314: Children and armed conflict

UN Resolution 1325: Women and peace and security

UN Resolution 1373: Counter-terrorism

UN Resolution 1377: Declaration on global efforts to combat terrorism


Notable General Assembly resolutions:

UN Resolution 273:    Admits the State of Israel to membership in the United Nations

UN Resolution 377:    The "Uniting for Peace" Resolution

UN Resolution 1761:  Recommended sanctions against South Africa in response to the policy of apartheid

UN Resolution 2758:  Expelled the Republic of China and replaced it with the People's Republic of China

UN Resolution 3314:  Defined aggression

 

Notable UN Human Rights resolutions:

The Charter of the United Nations  

o The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 

o Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 

United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination 

Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women 

Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials 

o Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials  

Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 

Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers 

Declaration on the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance 

Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment 

Principle on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 

Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power